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 امتحان ENGLISH

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تاريخ التسجيل : 14/04/2010
العمر : 25
الدولة : السودان

مُساهمةموضوع: امتحان ENGLISH   الخميس يونيو 24, 2010 7:36 pm

Grammar Revision Programme PART ONE :VERBS
* Verbs are words that tell us about actions and states.
1- The actions are verbs which can be seen: run, go, play.
2- The states are verbs which can not be seen: feel, understand.
* There are three kinds of verbs:
1- Ordinary verbs (verbs to do): go, feel.
2- Auxialary ( helping)verbs: am, was , has.
3-Modal verbs:can, must, may.
Tenses
* The tenses are the times at which the verbs happen.
1- The Present Simple Tense
A- It describes actions and states which are:
* Factual – The earth rotates round the sun. * Regular – I go to school every day.
B- Formation:
 1- With verb to be:
I + am + complement.
He / She / It + is + complement.
You / They / We + are + complement.
1-The Nile (be).................the longest river in Africa.
2-Children (be)..................beautiful.
3-I (be)...................always ready.
2- With verb to have:
I / you / They / We + have + complement.
He / She / It + has + complement.
1-Ali always (have).............................. a cup of tea in the morning.
2-Students usually (have)........................ alot of lessons to study before exams.
3- With verb to do:
I / You / They / We + verb ( infintive ) + complement.
1- We (go)........................ to school every day except Friday.
He / She / It + verb + (s/ es) + complement .
*Add (es) if the verb ends by: s, o , ch , sh or x.
2- It always (rain)................................. alot in August.
3- She usually (wash)............................ her clothes at weekends. C- Adverbs that tell us about the tense:In general we call them adverbs of frequency which includes: always , usually , sometimes, often , every + time ( every week ), once , twice , seldom , rarely , generally , normally , occassionally and never.
D- The negative sentence:
1- With verb to be:
Subject + am / is / are + not + complement.
Mona (not be).............................always late.


2- With verb to do:
Subject + don’t / doesn’t + verb (infinitive) + complement.
We usually (not go).............................. to school on holiday.
Ali (not drive)................................... his car to work every day.
3- With verb to verb to have:
Subject + doesn’t / don’t + have + complement
I sometimes (not have).......................................... dinner at home.
Reem usually (not have).................................... a cup of tea in the morning.
E- The question:
1- With verb to be
Am / Is / Are + subject + complement?
Why (be)........................ he usually late?
2- With verb to do:
Does / Do + subject + verb (infinitive) + complement?
When .................... you (get).................. up every day?
................... he regularly (visit)................... his relatives?
3- With verb to have:
Does / Do + subject + have + complement?
When ................ you usually (have).......................... your breakfast?
F- The passive rule: Object + am/is/are + verb (p.p) + complement.
1- Cotton (grow)…………………………in the Gezira.
2- The Present Continuous
A- It describes actions which:
1- are happening at the moment of speaking.
We (study)..................................................... grammar now.
2- are happening at the period of speaking.
My grand father (stay).............................................. with us these days.
3- will happen at an arranged time in the near future.
I (go)....................................... out tonight.
B- Formation:
I + am + verb + ing
He / She / It + is + verb + ing
You / They / We + are + verb + ing
C- Adverbs and expresions that mark the tense:
Now – At this moment – At present – Thesedays – Tonight – Nowadays – Look – Look out – Listen – Be careful – Be quiet – Be attention – After now .
D- The negative sentence:
Subject + am / is / are + not + verb + ing
I (not work)............................................. these days.
E- The question: Am / Is / Are + subject + verb + ing + complement ?
What ...................... he (do)....................... now?
F- The passive rule: Object + am/is/are + being + verb (p.p) + complement
Millions of trees (plant)……………………………..these days.
I- Verbs that tell about states such as: like, understand, know………….etc and the verb to be are not used in the present continuous. When we find them with present continuous markers we put them in the present simple.
Ahmed (not be)………………………..at home now.
…………..you (like)…………………going out these days?

3-The Past Simple Tense
A- It describes actions or states which started and finished before now.
B- Formation:
1- With verb to be:
Subject + was / were + complement.
The weather (be).................... hot yesterday.
We (be)......................... busy last week.
2- With verb to have:
Subject + had + complement.
They (have)....................... their supper late last night.
3- With verb to do:
* If the verb is regular add (ed).
They (travel).....
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